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  HOME > Characteristics of Fine Ceramics > Physical - Toughness 
Hardness Rigidity Toughness Specific Gravity
Overcoming Fragility: Zirconia Ceramics

Typically, ceramics are characterized by hardness as well as a lack of toughness.

The toughness of a material is measured by its resistance to fracturing. Among Fine Ceramics (also known as “advanced ceramics”), zirconia possesses relatively high levels of toughness. As a result, it is used for products such as blades, scissors and knives.

Photo : knives Photo : scissors

Applications: Knives, scissors and other related products.


Fracture toughness measures a fissured material's resistance to fracturing (whether the fissures exist throughout the material or only on its surface).

The fracture toughness of Fine Ceramics is measured using the critical stress intensity factor KIC at crack terminations where fracturing generally occurs. Though Fine Ceramics generally possess low fracture toughness, partially-stabilized zirconia, used for products such as scissors and knives, offers significant fracture-toughness improvements.

Fracture Toughness
Image : Graph of Fracture Toughness  Fine Ceramics / Zirconia7~8MPa, Silicon Nitride5MPa, Silicon Carbide4~5MPa, Alumina3~4MPa,  Metals / Stainless Steel210MPa, Cemented Carbide20MPa  * Fine Ceramics are evaluated with KIC values.) (Measuring method / Fine Ceramics: based on the IF method specified in JIS R 1607-1990, Metals: based on the ASTM KIC Test)

  For more information, please see Excerpt of Graph Values.
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Learning About Fine Ceramics
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Hardness Rigidity Toughness Specific Gravity
The term "Fine Ceramics" is interchangeable with "advanced ceramics," "technical ceramics" and "engineered ceramics." Use varies by region and industry.
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