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Fine Ceramics, sometimes referred to as "advanced ceramics," are engineered materials that support the development of cutting-edge technology.

Heat (3)

Thermal Conductivity Easily Transmits Heat

The property that measures how well heat is transmitted through a material is called thermal conductivity. Among Fine Ceramics (also known as "advanced ceramics"), some materials possess high levels of conductivity and transfer heat well, while others possess low levels of conductivity and transfer less heat. Aluminum nitride and silicon carbide transfer heat particularly well. Aluminum nitride is used in packages for semiconductors that emit high volumes of heat, but must avoid accumulating heat internally. Zirconia blocks heat effectively and its coefficient of thermal conductivity is low — 1/10 that of stainless steel. It is used for kiln walls, which are exposed to high temperatures.

gif animation:Thermal conductivity

Applications: Materials with high thermal conductivity, such as IC packages. Materials with low thermal conductivity, such as kiln walls.


Thermal Conductivity

The property that measures how easily heat is transmitted through a material is called thermal conductivity. For ceramics, factors such as internal porosity, grain boundaries and impurities can affect this property. Higher or lower levels of thermal conductivity can be attained in Fine Ceramic materials by controlling these factors.

Thermal Conductivity of Fine Ceramics

Thermal conduction is generated by the movement of electrons and the transfer of lattice vibrations. Metals with low electrical resistance and crystals in which lattice vibrations are transferred easily (for example, crystals with atoms or ions of similar masses at lattice points and covalent crystals with strong bonds) display high thermal conductivity.

Thermal Conductivity at Room Temperature

figure:Thermal Conductivity at Room Temperature

For more information, please see Excerpt of Graph Values.

The term "Fine Ceramics" is interchangeable with "advanced ceramics," "technical ceramics" and "engineered ceramics." Use varies by region and industry.



Characteristics of Fine Ceramics



Characteristics of Fine Ceramics

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