FINE CERAMICS WORLD
Introduction to Fine Ceramics
What are Fine Ceramics?
Ceramics vs. Fine Ceramics
Fine Ceramic Production Process
Types of Fine Ceramics
History of Fine Ceramics
Frequently Asked Questions
Characteristics of Fine Ceramics
Learning About Fine Ceramics
Fine Ceramics in Daily Life
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  HOME > Introduction to Fine Ceramics > Types of Fine Ceramics 
Types of Fine Ceramics
Fine Ceramics (also known as “advanced ceramics”) comprise a wide variety of materials, including alumina, zirconia, silicon carbide and aluminum nitride. Thanks to continuous advances in process technology, different characteristics can be obtained by altering the raw materials, particle sizes and firing methods. As a result, Fine Ceramics can be uniquely formulated for specific performance and functionality in a wide range of applications.

Barium Titanate BaTiO3
Barium titanate is used for capacitors due to its high dielectric constant and superiority in storing electricity. Additives can drastically change its dielectric properties.
Lead Zirconate Titanate Pb(Zr,Ti)O3
A piezoelectric material vibrates when electrical signals are applied, and also converts vibration into electrical signals. Lead zirconate titanate offers strong piezoelectric properties for electronic component applications, such as resonators, buzzers and filters.
     
Ferrite M2+O∑Fe2O3
This magnetic ceramic exhibits high permeability, electrical resistance and abrasion resistance. It is widely used in magnetic heads and magnetic cores for high frequency electronics.
 
Alumina Al2O3
Alumina empitomizes Fine Ceramics and is the most widely utilized. It offers superior mechanical strength, electrical insulation, high frequency retention, thermal conductivity, heat resistance and corrosion resistance. Sapphire is a single-crystal form of alumina.
     
Forsterite 2MgO∑SiO2

Characterized by low microwave loss, superior high temperature insulating properties and a smooth surface, fosterite is suitable for use in electron tubes and circuit boards.
In addition, its high coefficient of thermal expansion is close to that of metals and glass, allowing forsterite to be joined or bonded to these materials reliably.

 
Zirconia ZrO2

Zirconia is the strongest and toughest material among Fine Ceramics. It is used to create special blades for high-performance scissors and knives, once considered impossible applications.
Single-crystal zirconia is also used in decorative applications and jewelry due to its high refractive index, which produces a diamond-like brilliance.

     
Zircon ZrO2∑SiO2
With a low coefficient of thermal expansion and superior thermal shock resistance, this material is used for heat-resistant components, wire-wound resistive bobbins and electron tube components.
 
Mullite 3Al2O3∁ESiO2
Mullite offers heat resistance, thermal shock resistance and excellent resistance to the structural fatigue mechanism known as "creep." It also displays a coefficient of thermal expansion similar to silicon semiconductor chips, making it useful in semiconductor package applications.
     
Steatite MgO∑SiO2
This material offers electrical and mechanical properties superior to conventional porcelains, and excellent machinability.
 
Cordierite 2MgO∁EAl2O3∁ESiO2
Low thermal expansion gives cordierite superior thermal shock resistance. Due to its porous properties, it is used for honeycomb carriers as well as refractories for electric heaters and industrial chemical equipment materials.
     
Aluminum Nitride AlN
With excellent thermal conductivity, aluminum nitride is used in applications that require heat dissipation, such as semiconductor packages.
 
Silicon Nitride Si3N4
Among Fine Ceramics, this lightweight, corrossion resistant material offers the highest level of toughness and thermal shock resistance at high temperatures, making it ideal for use in engine components.
     
Silicon Carbide SiC
This artificial compound is synthesized from silica sand and carbon. It provides the best combination of heat resistance, light weight and corrosion resistance, and maintains its strength at high temperatures (1,500oC / 2,732oF).
   
   
 
The term "Fine Ceramics" is interchangeable with "advanced ceramics," "technical ceramics" and "engineered ceramics." Use varies by region and industry.
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